God has a mind – knowing and comprehending things
God’s Knowledge and Wisdom
1Sam 2:3 Talk no more so very proudly, let not arrogance come from your mouth; for the Lord is a God of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed. ▤
God knows and examines things (cf. Jer 20:12 ↓).
1Chr 28:9a “And you, Solomon my son, know the God of your father and serve him with a whole heart and with a willing mind, for the Lord searches all hearts and understands every plan and thought. ▤
Job 28:23 God understands the way to it [wisdom], and he knows its place. ▤
The suggestion is that God alone knows the way to wisdom (cf. AMP, CEV, GNT, NCV, NIRV, NIV).
Job 38:18 Have you comprehended the expanse of the earth? Declare, if you know all this. ▤
Here God is speaking to Job. The implication is that, unlike Job, God does know and comprehend the extent of the earth.
Ps 139:1-3 O Lord, you have searched me and known me! 2You know when I sit down and when I rise up; you discern my thoughts from afar. 3You search out my path and my lying down and are acquainted with all my ways. ▤
Jer 20:12 O Lord of hosts, who tests the righteous, who sees the heart and the mind,c let me see your vengeance upon them, for to you have I committed my cause. ▤
c Hebrew kidneys
Jer 29:23 … because they have done an outrageous thing in Israel, they have committed adultery with their neighbors’ wives, and they have spoken in my name lying words that I did not command them. I am the one who knows, and I am witness, declares the Lord. ▤
God has a will
1Cor 1:1 Paul, called by the will of God to be an apostle of Christ Jesus, and our brother Sosthenes, … ▤
Eph 1:9, 11 … making knownd to us the mystery of his will, according to his purpose, which he set forth in Christ ▤ … 11In him we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to the purpose of him who works all things according to the counsel of his will, … ▤
d Or he lavished upon us in all wisdom and insight, making known . . .
Col 1:9 And so, from the day we heard, we have not ceased to pray for you, asking that you may be filled with the knowledge of his will in all spiritual wisdom and understanding, … ▤
James 1:18 Of his own will he brought us forth by the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures. ▤
Isa 14:26-27a This is the purpose that is purposed concerning the whole earth, and this is the hand that is stretched out over all the nations. 27For the Lord of hosts has purposed, and who will annul it? ▤
Isa 55:11 … so shall my word be that goes out from my mouth; it shall not return to me empty, but it shall accomplish that which I purpose, and shall succeed in the thing for which I sent it. ▤
Eph 3:10-11 … so that through the church the manifold wisdom of God might now be made known to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly places. 11This was according to the eternal purpose that he has realized in Christ Jesus our Lord, … ▤
Acts 1:24 And they prayed and said, “You, Lord, who know the hearts of all, show which one of these two you have chosen … ▤
Here the disciples ask God to reveal his choice, and thus his will.
God has feelings and character . . .
- God’s Character
Ex 20:5-6 You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me, 6but showing steadfast love to thousandse of those who love me and keep my commandments. ▤
e Or to the thousandth generation
Regarding God’s jealousy, see the introductory comment on Jealousy.
Judg 2:18 Whenever the Lord raised up judges for them, the Lord was with the judge, and he saved them from the hand of their enemies all the days of the judge. For the Lord was moved to pity by their groaning because of those who afflicted and oppressed them. ▤
2Chr 36:15 The Lord, the God of their fathers, sent persistently to them by his messengers, because he had compassion on his people and on his dwelling place. ▤
Ps 5:5-6 The boastful shall not stand before your eyes; you hate all evildoers. 6You destroy those who speak lies; the Lord abhors the bloodthirsty and deceitful man. ▤
Isa 5:25 Therefore the anger of the Lord was kindled against his people, and he stretched out his hand against them and struck them, and the mountains quaked; and their corpses were as refuse in the midst of the streets. For all this his anger has not turned away, and his hand is stretched out still. ▤
Isa 62:4-5 You shall no more be termed Forsaken,f and your land shall no more be termed Desolate,g but you shall be called My Delight Is in Her,h and your land Married;i for the Lord delights in you, and your land shall be married. 5For as a young man marries a young woman, so shall your sons marry you, and as the bridegroom rejoices over the bride, so shall your God rejoice over you. ▤
f Hebrew Azubah
g Hebrew Shemamah
h Hebrew Hephzibah
i Hebrew Beulah
Jer 31:3b, 20 I have loved you with an everlasting love; therefore I have continued my faithfulness to you. ▤ … 20Is Ephraim my dear son? Is he my darling child? For as often as I speak against him, I do remember him still. Therefore my heartj yearns for him; I will surely have mercy on him, declares the Lord. ▤
j Hebrew bowels
James 5:11b You have heard of the steadfastness of Job, and you have seen the purpose of the Lord, how the Lord is compassionate and merciful. ▤
. . . God feels emotional pain
God can be grieved by sin
Judg 10:16 So they put away the foreign gods from among them and served the Lord, and he became impatient over the misery of Israel. ▤
This appears to suggest that God was “troubled over Israel’s distress” (GNT).
2Sam 24:16a And when the angel stretched out his hand toward Jerusalem to destroy it, the Lord relented from the calamity and said to the angel who was working destruction among the people, “It is enough; now stay your hand.” ▤
This may suggest that God “was grieved” (Jer 42:10 NIV®) because of the calamity.
Isa 63:9 In all their affliction he was afflicted,k and the angel of his presence saved them; in his love and in his pity he redeemed them; he lifted them up and carried them all the days of old. ▤
k Or he did not afflict
Hos 11:8 How can I give you up, O Ephraim? How can I hand you over, O Israel? How can I make you like Admah? How can I treat you like Zeboiim? My heart recoils within me; my compassion grows warm and tender. ▤
Here God aches over Israel’s looming punishment.
God is active
Isa 46:10 ⇓
Ps 22:28 For kingship belongs to the Lord, and he rules over the nations. ▤
Ps 75:7 … but it is God who executes judgment, putting down one and lifting up another. ▤
Ps 115:3 Our God is in the heavens; he does all that he pleases. ▤
Isa 43:13b I work, and who can turn it back? ▤
Dan 2:21 He changes times and seasons; he removes kings and sets up kings; he gives wisdom to the wise and knowledge to those who have understanding; … ▤
John 5:17 But Jesus answered them, “My Father is working until now, and I am working.” ▤
Acts 14:17 Yet he did not leave himself without witness, for he did good by giving you rains from heaven and fruitful seasons, satisfying your hearts with food and gladness. ▤
Rom 8:30 And those whom he predestined he also called, and those whom he called he also justified, and those whom he justified he also glorified. ▤
Eph 3:20 Now to him who is able to do far more abundantly than all that we ask or think, according to the power at work within us, … ▤
Phil 1:6 And I am sure of this, that he who began a good work in you will bring it to completion at the day of Jesus Christ. ▤
God communicates . . .
Num 7:89 ⇓
Gen 35:11, 14a And God said to him, “I am God Almighty:l be fruitful and multiply. A nation and a company of nations shall come from you, and kings shall come from your own body. ▤ … 14And Jacob set up a pillar in the place where he had spoken with him, a pillar of stone. ▤
l Hebrew El Shaddai
m Hebrew from your loins
Ex 33:11a Thus the Lord used to speak to Moses face to face, as a man speaks to his friend. ▤
Ex 29:42 It shall be a regular burnt offering throughout your generations at the entrance of the tent of meeting before the Lord, where I will meet with you, to speak to you there. ▤
Isa 46:9b-10 I am God, and there is none like me, 10declaring the end from the beginning and from ancient times things not yet done, saying, ‘My counsel shall stand, and I will accomplish all my purpose,’ … ▤
Jer 36:2 Take a scroll and write on it all the words that I have spoken to you against Israel and Judah and all the nations, from the day I spoke to you, from the days of Josiah until today. ▤
Obad 1:1 The vision of Obadiah. Thus says the Lord God concerning Edom: We have heard a report from the Lord, and a messenger has been sent among the nations: “Rise up! Let us rise against her for battle!” ▤
Zec 7:12 They made their hearts diamond-hard lest they should hear the law and the words that the Lord of hosts had sent by his Spirit through the former prophets. Therefore great anger came from the Lord of hosts. ▤
Eph 1:9 … making knownn to us the mystery of his will, according to his purpose, which he set forth in Christ … ▤
n Or he lavished upon us in all wisdom and insight, making known . . .
Phil 3:15 Let those of us who are mature think this way, and if in anything you think otherwise, God will reveal that also to you. ▤
Heb 1:1-2 Long ago, at many times and in many ways, God spoke to our fathers by the prophets, 2but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world. ▤
Job 33:14 For God speaks in one way, and in two, though man does not perceive it. ▤
Note that this points out that people do not necessarily perceive that God has spoken.
. . . and people can communicate with God
Ex 33:11a ⇑
Num 7:89 And when Moses went into the tent of meeting to speak with the Lord, he heard the voice speaking to him from above the mercy seat that was on the ark of the testimony, from between the two cherubim; and it spoke to him. ▤
Ezra 8:21 Then I proclaimed a fast there, at the river Ahava, that we might humble ourselves before our God, to seek from him a safe journey for ourselves, our children, and all our goods. ▤
Ps 5:3 O Lord, in the morning you hear my voice; in the morning I prepare a sacrifice for youo and watch. ▤
o Or I direct my prayer to you
Ps 66:3 Say to God, “How awesome are your deeds! So great is your power that your enemies come cringing to you. ▤
Dan 6:10-11 When Daniel knew that the document had been signed, he went to his house where he had windows in his upper chamber open toward Jerusalem. He got down on his knees three times a day and prayed and gave thanks before his God, as he had done previously. 11Then these men came by agreement and found Daniel making petition and plea before his God. ▤
Dan 9:3 Then I turned my face to the Lord God, seeking him by prayer and pleas for mercy with fasting and sackcloth and ashes. ▤
Heb 5:7 In the days of his flesh, Jesusp offered up prayers and supplications, with loud cries and tears, to him who was able to save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverence. ▤
p Greek he
God interacts with people, responding to their requests and needs
Ps 5:3 ⇑
Ex 3:7-8 Then the Lord said, “I have surely seen the affliction of my people who are in Egypt and have heard their cry because of their taskmasters. I know their sufferings, 8and I have come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians and to bring them up out of that land to a good and broad land, a land flowing with milk and honey, to the place of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites. ▤
1Chr 5:20 And when they prevailed over them, the Hagrites and all who were with them were given into their hands, for they cried out to God in the battle, and he granted their urgent plea because they trusted in him. ▤
Ps 91:15 When he calls to me, I will answer him; I will be with him in trouble; I will rescue him and honor him. ▤
Here God speaks of his care for one who loves him (cf. v. 14) and calls to him for help.
Zec 13:9b They will call upon my name, and I will answer them. I will say, ‘They are my people’; and they will say, ‘The Lord is my God.’ ▤
Isa 58:9a Then you shall call, and the Lord will answer; you shall cry, and he will say, ‘Here I am.’ ▤
Rom 10:12-13 For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek; for the same Lord is Lord of all, bestowing his riches on all who call on him. 13For “everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.” ▤
2Cor 1:3-4 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and God of all comfort, 4who comforts us in all our affliction, so that we may be able to comfort those who are in any affliction, with the comfort with which we ourselves are comforted by God. ▤
Phil 4:19 And my God will supply every need of yours according to his riches in glory in Christ Jesus. ▤
James 4:8, 10 Draw near to God, and he will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners, and purify your hearts, you double-minded. ▤ … 10Humble yourselves before the Lord, and he will exalt you. ▤