The Divine Correction

Job 33:1-33

In the self-assurance of his competency to give wisdom to Job, and to correct his errors and to solve the mystery of his affliction, Elihu continues his speech and invites reply. “If thou canst answer me, set thy words in order before me, stand up.” He makes his accusation against Job that he has not only affirmed his own innocence, but that he has also made charges against God. He then proceeds to vindicate the purposes of God in human affliction. “God speaketh once, yea twice;” the error is on man’s part, who “perceiveth it not.” He gives a view of the Divine corrections.

I. AS TO THEIR METHOD. The God that “is greater than man,” who worketh secretly and “giveth not account of any of his matters,” giveth instruction:

  1. In a dream, in the visions of the night; opening the ears of men, and sealing their instruction.
  2. By the severities of affliction; when man is “chastened with pain upon his bed.” This is applicable to Job; and the former may have been mentioned gently to introduce this.

II. AS TO THEIR PURPOSE. This is always gracious. It is to save from impending danger, and to lead in safe and good ways.

  1. To restrain man from evil paths. “To withdraw him from his purpose.”
  2. To hide pride from man. To bring down the high looks of the self-complacent and the wicked.
  3. To save from untimely death, and from the weapons of destructive violence. To keep “his life from perishing by the sword.” Sin tends to death both by natural causes and by violence. Then Elihu views these corrections –


(1) Should the mediating Counsellor be near, and the way of life, the right way – the way of righteousness – be pointed out; and

(2) the smitten one return with repentance, saying, “I have sinned, and perverted that which was right;” and

(3) lifting up his voice “pray unto God;” then

(4) shall the Divine deliverance come:

(a) in an expression of the Divine forbearance;

(b) in admission to the Divine favour – “he shall see his face with joy;”

(c) in a gracious restoration, delivering “his soul from going into the pit'” and bringing him to rejoice in the light.

This is the Divine response to repentance which Elihu urges upon Job. Happy is every smitten one who, returning to God, finds a ransom price paid for his soul, and rejoices in a deliverance which restores to him the days of his youth, when “his very flesh becometh fresher than a child’s.”

Proverbs 12:1
Whoever loves discipline loves knowledge, but he who hates reproof is stupid.

Hebrews 12:11
For the moment all discipline seems painful rather than pleasant, but later it yields the peaceful fruit of righteousness to those who have been trained by it.

2 Timothy 3:16
All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness.

Proverbs 15:32
Whoever ignores instruction despises himself, but he who listens to reproof gains intelligence.

Proverbs 29:15
The rod and reproof give wisdom, but a child left to himself brings shame to his mother.

2 Timothy 1:7
For God gave us a spirit not of fear but of power and love and self-control.

2 Timothy 4:2
Preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, and exhort, with complete patience and teaching.

Ephesians 6:4
Fathers, do not provoke your children to anger, but bring them up in the discipline and instruction of the Lord.

Galatians 6:1
Brothers, if anyone is caught in any transgression, you who are spiritual should restore him in a spirit of gentleness. Keep watch on yourself, lest you too be tempted.

Hebrews 12:6
For the Lord disciplines the one he loves, and chastises every son whom he receives.